Indian Space Research Organization(ISRO) – List of Chairmen from the year 1963 till now
India decided to go into space when the Indian National Space Research Commission (INCOSPAR) was created by the Government of India in 1962. Thiruvananthapuram Research in the Upper Atmosphere.
The Indian Space Research Organization(ISRO), formed in 1969, replaced the previous INSPAR conference. Vikram Sarabhai, having defined the role and importance of space technology in the development of the nation, ISRO provided the direction necessary to act as an agent for development. ISRO then embarked on its mission of providing national space services and developing technologies to achieve this independently.
Indian Space Research Organization – ISRO information
Over the years, ISRO has supported its mission of providing space to serve the common man, to serve the nation. In this process, it became one of the six largest space agencies in the world. ISRO maintains one of the largest fleet of satellite communications (INSAT) and remote sensing satellites (IRS), which meet the ever-increasing demand for fast, reliable communications and Earth observation respectively. ISRO develops and delivers products and tools for applications to the nation: broadcasting, communications, weather forecasting, disaster management tools, GIS, mapping, navigation, telemedicine, and distance learning satellites being some of them.
To achieve full self-reliance in relation to these applications, it was necessary to develop cost-effective and reliable launch systems, which were crystallized in the form of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). Famous PSLV continued to become the preferred carrier of satellites in various countries because of its reliability and cost efficiency, and to promote unprecedented international cooperation. The GSLV was developed taking into account heavier and more demanding synchronized geosynchronous communication satellites.
ISRO is the National Space Institute of India. ISRO was founded on August 15, 1969. The main mission of the Institute is to make space-related technology available to India. The main objectives of the space program include the development of satellites, launch vehicles, sounding rockets and ground systems. ISRO is headquartered in Bengaluru, the capital of Karnataka. Since 1963, there have been 10 heads of ISRO. The current Chairman or Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is Dr. Kailuaswadivu Sewan. Belongs to it. S. Kiran Kumar has been replaced. The first president of ISRO is Dr. Vikram Sarabhai.
Brief description of ISRO:
|the headquarters||Bangalore or Bengaluru, Karnataka (India)|
|The establishment||15 August 1969|
|First chairman (chairman)||Vikram Sarabhai|
|Current chairman (chairman)||Suture|
|ideal sentence||Space Technology at the Service of Mankind|
List of all ISRO Chairmen from the year 1963 till now:
|Name of Chairman||Tenure||Tenure duration|
|Vikram Sarabhai||1963 to 1972||year 9|
|M. G. K. Menon||January 1972 to September 1972||9 months|
|Satish Dhawan||1972 to 1984||12 years|
|Pro. U. R. Rao||From 1984 to 1994||10 years|
|K Musk dye||From 1994 to 2003||year 9|
|G. Madhavan Nair||From 2003 to 2009||6 years|
|K. Radhakrishnan||From 2009 to 2014||5 year|
|Shailesh Nayak||01 January 2015 to 12 January 2015||12 days|
|A. S. Kiran Kumar||2015 to 2018||3 years|
|Dr. Kailasadivu Sivan||10 January 2018 to present||Posted|
Important interesting facts related to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO):
- India’s first satellite was Aryabhata, launched by the Soviet Union on April 19, 1975. The satellite is named after the famous mathematician Aryabhata.
- India’s second satellite was called Bhaskar. It weighed 445 kg. On June 7, 1979, Bhaskar was placed in Earth’s orbit.
- Mangalyaan, (Mars Orbiter Mission), is the first Mars expedition in India. On November 5, 2013, it was left in orbit around Mars at 2.38 PM. After arriving on Mars on September 24, 2014, India has become the first country to succeed in its first attempt in the world and the fourth country in the world after Soviet Russia, NASA, and the European Space Agency.
- In 2014, ISRO received the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament, and Development.
- ISRO established the first space observatory in India as Astrosat on September 29, 2015, almost a year after the successful launch of Mangalyaan.
- ISRO has launched 57 satellites from around 20 different countries until June 2016 and has so far earned the US $ 100 million.
- Due to ISRO, India is among the 6 countries that can send their own satellite.
- NASA earns twice as much money that ISRO has spent in 40 years.
- The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) employs about 17,000 employees and scientists.
Important achievements of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO):
- 1962: The Department of Atomic Energy constitutes a National Committee for Space Research and the first effort towards the development of the rocket launch site in Thumba, near Trivandrum.
- 1963: Launch of Thumba’s first rocket (November 21).
- 1965: Establishment of the Technical and Space Science Center in Thumba.
- 1967: Establishment of the center of the satellite communication system in Ahmedabad.
- 1972: Establishment of the Space Commission and the Department of Space.
- 1975: Launch of the first Indian satellite Aryabhata (April 19).
- 1976: Experimental steps for education for the first time via satellite.
- 1979: Launch of Bhaskar-1, an experimental satellite. Launch of the Rohini satellite with the help of SLV-3, the first experimental test vehicle.
- 1980: Successfully orbit the Rohini satellite with the help of SLV-3.
- 1981: Successfully launched a geological communication satellite called ‘Apple’. Launch of Bhaskar-2 in November.
- 1982: Launch of INSAT-1A on the deactivation of April and September.
- 1983: Second launch of SLV-3. Establishment of RS-D2 in class. Launch of INSAT-1B.
- 1984: Rakesh Sharma’s first Indian astronaut in the joint space mission of India and the Soviet Union.
- 1987: a. s. Launch of L.V with SROSS-1 satellite.
- 1988: Launch of India’s first remote sensing satellite IRS-1A. INSAT-1C was launched in July. I leave in November.
- 1990: Successful launch of INSAT-1D.
- 1991: Launch of the second IRSS-1B remote sensing satellite in August.
- 1992: Third launch of ASLV with SROCC-C in the month of May. Successful launch of the totally indigenous INSAT-2A technology satellite.
- 1993: Successful launch of INSAT-2B in July. PD L. Accident of the remote sensing satellite IRSS-1E by V.V.
- 1994: fourth successful launch of SSLV in May.
- 1995: Launch of INSAT-2C in the month of December. Successful launch of the third remote sensing satellite.
- 1996: Successful launch of the third Indian remote sensing satellite IRSS-P3 with the help of PSLV in March.
- 1997: INSAT-2D was launched in June and deteriorated in October. Successful launch of the Indian remote sensing satellite IRSS-1D with the help of PSLV in September.
- 1999: Successful launch of the latest INSAT-2E INSAT-2 satellite from France. Successful launch of the Indian remote sensing satellite IRSS-P4 from the Sriharikota test center. Launch of foreign satellites from India for the first time: Successful test of Kitsat-3 from South Korea and DCR-Tubsat from Germany.
- 2000: successful launch of Insat-3B on March 22, 2000.
- 2001: launch of partially successful GSL V-D1.
- 2002: Successful launch of INSAT-3C in the month of January. Successful launch of Kalpana-1 in September by PSLV-C4.
- 2004: Successful launch of GSLV Edusat.
- 2008: Chandrayan was successfully launched on October 22
- 2013: Successful launch of Mangalyaan on November 5
- 2014: Mangalyaan (298 days after launch) established in the orbit of Mars on September 24
- 2014: Successful launch of the geostationary satellite launch vehicle (GSLV-D5) on January 5, 2014.
- 2014: successful launch of IRNSS-1B on April 04, 2014.
- 2014: successful launch of IRNSS-1 on October 16, 2014.
- 2014: GSLV Mk-3’s first successful experimental flight on December 18, 2014.
- 2015: Successfully launched Astrosat, the first Indian observatory dedicated to astronomical research, on September 29.
- 2016: On May 23, it launched its first reusable space shuttle manufactured entirely in India.
- 2016: On June 22, a record 20 satellites were dropped simultaneously through PSLV C-34.
- 2016: on August 28, the first experimental test of a scramjet engine with an atmospheric propulsion system was successful.
- 2016: INSAT-3 DR with the successful flight of GSLV-F05 for the first time using the superior cryogenic stage (CUS) developed locally installed in space.
- 2017: February 15 marks a world record by launching 104 satellites simultaneously. The PSLV-C37 / Cartosat2 series satellite mission had 101 international mini satellites (nanosatellites) and two Indian mini-satellites INS-1A and INS-1B in addition to Cartosat-2.
- 2019: India successfully launched Chandrayaan-2 from the range of Sriharikota on July 22, 2019, at 2:43 p.m. Indian time. September deviation and deactivation.
- 2019: November 27, 2019 Cartosat-3, the last satellite of the Cartosat series, was successfully placed in its orbit. The 13 small satellites of America that accompanied him were also successfully sent to their orbits in space. The Cartoset Earth observation satellite is a satellite that can take a clear picture of the Earth. Your image will be so clear that you can also clearly see the time of the clock tied to the hands of a person. His job is mainly to monitor the land of India from space.
Apart from technological capability, ISRO also contributed to science education and science in the country. Various specialized research centers, independent institutions for remote sensing, astronomy, astrophysics, atmospheric science, and space science are generally sponsored by the Ministry of Space. ISRO’s moon and planetary tasks, along with other scientific projects, encourage and encourage science education, as well as providing valuable data to the scientific community, which in turn enriches science.
Preparing for the future is the key to maintaining an advantage in technology and ISRO strives to improve and improve its technologies as the needs and aspirations of the country evolve. Thus, ISRO is proceeding with the development of heavy-lift launchers, human spaceflight projects, reusable launch vehicles, semi-refrigerated engines, first and second stage orbit vehicles (SSTO and TSTO), and the development and use of composite materials for aerospace and other applications.
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