Our small heart takes care of the whole body, but we often do not take a responsible attitude towards our heart. In such a situation, the heart has to face problems.
Major heart diseases
There are 3 major diseases related to heart: angina, heart attack, and heart failure. Many times people get confused with the pain of acidity pain due to heart pain.
If the pain feels stingy at a particular point in the chest, does not seem to be spread over a large area, nor is it moving towards the jaw or hand, then it can be a pain of acidity.
What to do: Take 2-3 teaspoons of antacid. Antacids are available in the market under the names Digene, Mucaine Gel, Acidin Gel, etc. If the pain is not cured even within half an hour of taking the medicine and if the pain increases, angina or heart attack pain may occur. Then go to the doctor.
If you feel heavy pressure in the middle of the chest even after exercising or doing small tasks, the breath may be stuck, the pain starts moving towards the jaw, the heart of the heart at work. Angina may be painful if the pain starts increasing. This pain is cured by taking rest. The reason for this is a blockage. If the blockage is up to 95 percent, you may feel pain while sitting. If the blockage is less, then there is a problem in exercising because the heart has to pump blood faster when exercising and it cannot happen due to blockage. This causes heartache.
What to do: Many people take 5mg tablet of Glyceryl Trinitrate under the tongue. It is available in the market under the brand name Sorbitrate and Isordil. This increases the size of the artery and reaches the blood completely. The patient gets immediate relief but it is better not to take it without asking the doctor because it sometimes causes a sudden drop in blood pressure. It is better than the patient rest and sees the doctor the next day.
Note: If after 20-25 minutes of rest, the pain does not subside and the nervousness remains, then a heart attack may be expected. See a doctor immediately.
There is severe pain in the middle of the chest, as if someone has gripped the heart, feel pain moving towards the left arm, nervousness/restlessness and sweating and if pain continues to increase, a heart attack can occur. If there is already a blockage in the arteries of the heart and if it suddenly bursts and blocks the tube 100 percent, then a heart attack occurs. 25 percent heart attack never hurts before. The reason for this was blockage but due to non-accumulation of a blood clot, the pain would not have happened before.
What to do: Chew the aspirin 325 immediately. It is available in the market under the name Disprin, Easprin, Ecotrin, etc. and has a quick chewing effect. This prevents the artery from getting blocked and blood clots. Many patients take Sorbitrate without aspirin. this is not right. Do not take Sorbitrate without doctor’s advice. If you have to take it for some reason, do not stand and take it, because sometimes it suddenly lowers blood pressure. Shortly thereafter, take the patient to a hospital with a cath lab. In the event of a heart attack, doctors perform angioplasty and insert the stent. If it is not possible to reach there in two hours, then take it to any such hospital, where blood-thinning medicine can be given to the patient. Most patients can be saved if treated within the first 3 hours of the attack. If the right treatment is not given within 12 hours of the attack, then the heart muscle gets permanent damage.
Note: Do not take aspirin or Sorbitrate at all without asking the doctor for ulcer or dengue patients.
If a heart problem is going on for a long time and it is not being treated properly, then the heart muscle starts to become weak and further heart failure can occur. If our heart’s pumping capacity falls from 60% to 30% then there is a risk of heart failure. When this happens, the pumped blood starts to accumulate in other parts of the body. Apart from this, infection also affects the heart. Swelling of the feet, pounding of beats, in addition to walking and breathlessness even on sitting and sitting, are symptoms of heart weakness.
What to do: Treat any disease related to the heart properly as heart failure occurs only when the heart is weak. If the heart is weak then the doctor gives diuresis (urination drugs). ACE inhibitor medications are given to reduce the pressure inside the heart if necessary and beta-blockers are given to reduce heart rate. In addition, artificial pumps (LVAD pumps) are installed. A heart transplant is also done if necessary.
These tests are usually done to identify heart disease:
- Blood pressure: Having high blood pressure is not good for the heart. Normal blood pressure is 120/80 and 130/85 is considered high. However, 140/90 is considered normal after the age of 60 years.
- Lipid profile: Cholesterol levels are checked with this test. 200 is considered normal but doctors consider good cholesterol (HDL) and bad cholesterol (LDL) as more important.
- ECG: ECG test is first done to catch heart disease. This test checks the pressure on the heart through the electrical activities of the heart. This test is easily available everywhere.
- TMT: TMT is particularly beneficial for detecting blockages in the arteries of the heart. However, there are sometimes false reports, especially among women. In them, doctors believe its report to be up to 50 percent correct. This is because their arteries are narrower and the body is different.
- ECO Cardiogram: This is a cardiac ultrasound. If the heart is pumping less, there is some problem in the valve or there is a possibility of heart failure, then it is better to have an ECO cardiogram. By combining TMT and ECO cardiograms, up to 90 percent of the results are correct.
- Calcium scoring: This test is done if there is a high risk of heart disease. This is the normal whistle. If calcium scoring exceeds 400, then there is a danger to the heart.
- Cardiac CT: Calcium This is a very thorough test. The first part is done in a normal way while the second part is done by giving dye. Remember here that if not necessary, do not get the second part of the test done because it involves putting chemical inside the body which can harm the body.
Highlights heart health :
- It is true that cholesterol is a major cause of heart disease, but the cholesterol we are taking in food, there is no particular danger.
- Trans fats are extremely harmful. Trans fats are produced by reheating the oil frequently or overheating very fast. These plants are found more in ghee and palm oil.
- LDL (Bad cholesterol) may prove more dangerous.
- There is no direct connection to a heart disease with saturated fats (ghee, butter, cheese, red meat, etc.).
- Refined carbohydrates (white sugar, white rice, and white flour) are far more harmful than fat.
When is Cholesterol Dangerous?
Cholesterol is a viscous-like substance found in all cells of the body. From our nervous system to digestion, it helps. But if it increases, then it starts accumulating in the arteries. Heart attack or stroke can occur if any part of the deposited cholesterol breaks and blocks the arteries. By the way, cholesterol accumulates in our body when there is inflammation in our arteries or they are not completely healthy. The inflammation of arteries is detected by the CRP (c-reactive protein) blood test marker.
Is Cholesterol associated with food dangerous?
The cholesterol you are taking in food does not go directly into the blood. Conversely, if you eat more refined carb (maida, sugar, rice, etc.), then the sugar level can increase and the sugar level can be dangerous for the heart. In such a situation, if you are healthy, then consuming cholesterol will not affect blood cholesterol much. This is because 85 to 88 percent of the blood in our body makes cholesterol. Only 12 to 15 percent of cholesterol is available from the diet. But if cholesterol is already high or there are risk factors (family history, smoking, obesity, etc.) then it is very important to control cholesterol. In order to keep cholesterol under control, it is important that we do not eat trans fat and refined carbohydrates (maida, sugar, rice, etc.). Yes, fat does not need to be completely removed from the diet. It can be understood that eating gulab jamuns is better than eating home-made dumplings.
Is there no longer a need for cholesterol investigation?
Cholesterol investigation is still needed because one of the biggest causes of heart attack and stroke is increased cholesterol. A lipid profile test is done to check cholesterol. It checks HDL (good cholesterol), LDL (bad cholesterol) and triglycerides and their ratio. The total cholesterol should be 200 mg / dL or less. Lowering HDL 40 and increasing triglyceride is dangerous. If the risk factor is not there and there is no symptom, then a cholesterol test is not necessary.
Is there a need to avoid ghee, butter, and cheese?
Earlier, desi ghee, butter, cheese, cheese, etc. were considered very dangerous for health, which is not completely correct. If you are healthy, you can take fats like desi ghee, butter, cheese, etc. along with refined oil, but not much. You can also take a yellow portion of 3-4 eggs a week, but keep away from vegetable ghee and do not use oil heated more than once. Keep in mind that ghee and oil are not very old. Do not use oil older than one year and desi ghee more than 6 months old. Those who have high cholesterol, it is good to stay away from any kind of saturated fat. Keep in mind that oil-ghee should be consumed within the limit. Even if you are healthy, do not take more than 3-4 spoons of fat daily. This includes desi ghee, butter, and refined oil.
Recognize like this, the heart is fit!
- 500 meters are running in 6 minutes and if you do not breathe, your heart is healthy. You do not need a test.
- If you are able to walk more than 200 but less than 500 meters in 6 minutes, then ask the doctor to do the test.
- If you are unable to walk even 200 meters in 6 minutes, then your heart is not fit. You need to see the doctor immediately.
- If you do not breathe when you climb the 2nd floor, you can still believe that the heart is fit.
In the case of the heart, the emphasis was so far on what patients of the heart should not do, but now the focus is on what to do. Also, it is better to ‘do something’ than ‘do something’ that is, if you are not able to do regular exercise or take full care of your diet, then do at least ‘minimum things’. For instance:
- Half of your diet should come from fruits and vegetables. There must be some dry fruits (about a handful) in it. The remaining half consists of carb (wheat, brown rice, oats, cowpea, etc.), protein (pulses, milk and milk products, etc.) and fat (desi ghee, mustard oil, olive oil, etc.). Vegetable means green or leafy green vegetables. It does not include cheese or potatoes.
- Do at least 80 minutes of a brisk walk in a week i.e. if you are not doing regular exercise, they also do a brisk walk for 20-20 minutes 4 days a week.
- Try to take 20 minutes of the nap (short sleep) 2 times a day. Nap is not a state of a deep sleep, rather it relaxes the mind. Knapp is also helpful in reducing stress.
- Do meditation for 15-15 minutes 2 days a week. This helps in controlling blood pressure.